The Nosurprise Research Papers and Resources Library is a knowledge page that contains documents, reports, videos and external websites from other organisations and individuals.
While these documents and other information are freely available in the public domain, we hope that bringing these into one place will help for referencing past research and helping with future research in a free and open manner.
Brains & Perception
Your brain – the advanced prediction machine
Prediction, Cognition and the Brain
The proactive brain: using analogies and associations to generate predictions
How prediction errors shape perception, attention, and motivation
Hierarchical Temporal Memory including HTM Cortical Learning Algorithm
Teaching the Amygdala to Avoid Motorcycle Collisions
Time on the Brain: How You Are Always Living In the Past, and Other Quirks of Perception
Whatever next? Predictive brains, situated agents, and the future of cognitive science
Why the Unskilled Are Unaware: Further Explorations of (Absent) Self-Insight among the Incompetent
Teen Brains, Danger, and Dopamine: Mind-sight and our Internal Compass
Teenage Brains – Beautiful Brains
Cognitive Distraction While Multitasking in the Automobile
Why the modern world is bad for your brain
The Fundamental Attribution Error or Correspondence Bias
Safety II – Systems thinking for safety
From Safety-I to Safety-II: A White Paper
Systems Thinking for Safety: Ten Principles A White Paper
The Elusiveness of “Human Error”
Some myths about safety
Human Factors: From Liability to Asset
A Tale of Two Safeties
Is justice really important?
Perspectives on Human Error: Hindsight Biases and Local Rationality
Why do we resist new thinking about safety and systems?
Why Safety Needs a New Paradigm
What’s wrong with behaviour-based safety?
Safety Management: What Causes “Accidents”
How to Stop Fighting Fires and Start Solving Chronic Safety Problems
Why Statistical Methods Should Be Applied To Safety
Book Review: Safety I and Safety II
Professor Sidney Dekker: Transcript of Video Presentation
Resilience Engineering and Crisis management
From Safety-I to Safety-II: A brief introduction to resilience engineering
There is a Relationship between Systems Thinking and W. Edwards Deming’s Theory of Profound Knowledge.
What We Can Learn About Systems from W. Edwards Deming?
The Bureaucratization of Safety
From Protection to Resilience
Why did he make such an obvious mistake?
The varieties of human work.
Gibson’s Theory of Perceptual Learning
Perceptual Learning, Cognition, and Expertise
Training Pilots’ Pattern Recognition Skills: Perceptual Learning Modules in Instrument Flight Training
The Perceptual Cues that Reshape Expert Reasoning
Visual prediction and perceptual expertise
Perceptual Learning during Action Video Game Playing
Visual perceptual learning
A perceptual training module for pilot instrument scans
Perception and Learning
Perceptual learning and attention: Reduction of object attention limitations with practice
How Close is Too Close?
Motion camouflaging and nature’s stealth fighters
The Effect of Sight Distance Training on the Visual Scanning Of Motorcycle Riders
Visual Factors in Driving
The roles of motorcyclists and car drivers in conspicuity-related motorcycle crashes
Expectation (and attention) in visual cognition
The pop out of scene-relative object movement against retinal motion due to self-movement
The influence of optic expansion rates when judging the relative time to contact of familiar objects
Vision Using Routines: A Functional Account of Vision
Influence of Riding Experience on Glance Behaviour, Brake Response Time and Deceleration Rates by Drivers and Motorcyclists
Looking and failing to see, or gazing and failing to cognise appropriately?
Breaking cover: neural responses to slow and fast camouflage-breaking motion
Motion illusions & active camouflaging
At the edge of vision: Struggling to make sense of our cluttered world
Research on the possibility of a motion blindspot
Feedback Systems – an Introduction for Scientists and Engineers
Innate Behaviour Determines How We Steer Our Car
How do We Control High Speed Steering?
Active Gaze, Visual Look-Ahead, and Locomotor Control
Curves on two-lane roads
Does Steering a Car Involve Perception of the Velocity Flow Field?
Driving a vehicle: control of heading, collision avoidance, braking
A Review on Handling Aspects in Bicycle and Motorcycle Control
Pursuit Eye-Movements in Curve Driving Differentiate between Future Path and Tangent Point Models
The Effects of Near and Far Visual Occlusion upon a Simulated Driving Task
A Virtual Rider for Reproducing Experimental Manoeuvres
Beyond the Tangent point: Gaze Targets in Naturalistic Driving
Evaluation of the effectiveness of anti-lock braking systems
Driver and Rider Training
Education in Road Safety Are we getting it right?
Teaching Young Men to Drive (How to make novice drivers crash)
Learning to Drive – the Stubborn Truth (How to make novice drivers crash, part 2)
The Problem with Flight Training: How modern flight instruction is training pilots to make fatal mistakes.
The Effectiveness of Driver Training/Education as a Road Safety Measure
System for Driver Training and Assessment using Interactive Evaluation Tools and Reliable Methodologies
Uncovering the Origins of Latent Failures: The Evaluation of an Organisation’s Training Systems Design in Relation to Operational Performance.
Driving Behaviour in Unexpected Situations
Rider Training and Collision Avoidance in Thailand and Los Angeles Motorcycle Crashes
Websites and Blogs with links to many papers
Safety I & Safety II
Sidney Dekker Video Presentation
Jeff Hawkins On Intelligence
The Real Reason for Brains
A Theory of a System for Educators and Managers
Your Brain Is a Dopamine-Based Prediction Machine
How Do We Predict the Future? Brains Rewards and Addiction
The Organised Mind: Thinking straight in an age of information overload
Dr Russell Ackoff – A Speech on Systems
Dan Siegel – Brainstorm: The Power and Purpose of the Teenage Brain
David Woods: The Mystery of Sustained Adaptability
Steven Shorrock: “Life After Human Error”
Donald Hoffman: Do we see reality as it really is?
Dan Ariely: Are we in control of our own decisions?
Michael Mainelli: The perils of too much risk aversion.
Connectomics: Mapping the brain’s wiring diagram
Amy Herman: “Visual Intelligence”
General Research & Interesting reading
The case of the left hand bend
A remedy for accidents at bends
OODA loop: The decision cycle of observe, orient, decide, and act
Road Safety with Self-Driving Vehicles: General Limitations and Road Sharing with Conventional Vehicles
Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants
Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants II
Traffic Accident Causation in Europe
A preliminary look at safety critical events from the motorcyclists’ perspective
Literature review of interventions to improve the conspicuity of motorcyclists and help avoid ‘looked but failed to see’ accidents
The Swedish Traffic Conflict Technique
Getting to Grips with Tyres
The UK on the Spot Accident Data Collection Study – Phase II Report
Integration of needs of moped and motorcycle riders into safety measures
Northern Ireland Motorcycle Fatality Report 2012
Near Miss Study of Motorcycles
Implications for Countermeasure Development in Road Safety
A case for evidence-based road-safety delivery
Understanding Human Behaviour and Error
Can What We’ve Learnt from Flying Stop Young Drivers Dying?
Interesting Magazine Articles
Our Elegant Brain: Motor learning in the fast lane
Consciousness has less control than believed
The role of dopaminergic neurons in decision making
How to Improve Your Situational Awareness on the Street.
The Old View – The Safe Systems Approach – Bad Apple Theory.
This paper is only included to illustrate the extent of the problem facing the widespread adoption of the new Safety II view of accident causation.